Spa in St.Lucia | St.Lucia Feng Shui Day Spa

ST LUCIA SPAS

Experience The St.Lucia Feng Shui Day Spa. Slow down. Sit back. Clear your thoughts. Unwind with our natural spa services in a relaxing atmosphere.

We alleviate stress and tension through our massage, facial, body treatments, pedicure and manicure dedicated to your health and well-being. In the process, you just might find yourself!.

We pride ourselves on being a rare combination of necessity and tropical luxury. We believe that every service we offer is necessary for overall wellness and we provide them in the most local luxurious atmosphere possible.
We welcome you to enjoy our luxury tropical caribbean surroundings. Take a journey though relaxing water features, soothing music, and enjoy the glow of theraputic candle light as you soak up the serene atmosphere of this caribbean local oasis.
All feng shui elements mix together in perfect harmony to delight your senses.

We will help you customize a memorable experience for someone special. Provide us with a list of birthdays, anniversaries, or any special occasion and we will do the giving for you!

-Birthdays -Holidays
-Cheer Up -Job Well Done
-I’m Sorry -Bridal Shower
-New Mom’s Day -Anniversaries
-Congratulations -Corporate Incentives
-Secretaries Day -Mother’s Day
-Father’s Day -Sweet Sixteen

All of our services and packages are also available as spa gift certificates.

Just remember, your journey to relaxation has just begun, you have yet to experience your amazing St.Lucia Feng Shui Day Spa treatments!

We are located in the Evergreen Plaza Rodney Heights next to Massy Supermarket..

►Call 452-8893 WhatsApp at 717-1866

St.Lucia-Spa | St.Lucia Feng Shui Day Spa SIZZLINGS SUMMER SPECIALS 2017

 

ST.LUCIA SIZZLINGS SUMMER SPA SPECIALS 2017

How can you make sure you’re getting a healthy dose of “me time”?

Taking care of yourself may seem like a full-time job. Neglecting that “job” though can harm your confidence, relationships and enjoyment of life.

Life must be a balance…

St.Lucia-Spa | St.Lucia Feng Shui Day Spa SIZZLINGS SUMMER SPECIALS 2017

 

The world is loud, the mind is loud, stress is loud, kids are loud, meetings are loud.

Life in itself is loud.

The noise of life is dramatic. It’s too easy to catch the negativity infection and unconsciously feed into it.

Finding some quiet me time is necessary for you to remain balanced.

After awhile, your body screams in protest and demands you pay attention to its needs.

It really doesn’t take much to re-ground yourself St.Lucia Feng Shui Spa.

Taking care of you is the single greatest investment of time you can make. Fall in love again…with Yourself.

You get one body and one life. Taking the timeout for you will not only have a lasting impact on your outlook on life, but it will help your relationships, your work, and even your health.

Take timeout to care for yourself and nurture your vitality, energy and spirit with our “2017 SIZZLINGS SUMMER” spa treatments listed below.

Calm Now Full Body Massage $80 EC
Enjoy a soul-soothing, light pressure massage. Designed for those that have gone through or are going through a tough time, this treatment brings about a deep sense of calm and relaxation.

Sandals Ready Pedicure: $50 EC
Enjoy a soothing tropical soak, invigorating foot and nail care, followed by a rich hydrating foot massage and polish of your choice all while enjoying every minute with a refreshing summer beverage in hand, you’ll feel relaxed and ready for your summer sandals

Balancing Foot Massage $45 EC
Great for achy feet and legs or the tired steps of everyday work and play. Reflex points run through the body in channels; massaging of the feet stimulates these reflex points, promoting healing, relaxation and balance.

Mandarin Sorbet Body Scrub $55 EC
Pamper’s the skin all over your body, creating a velvety soft texture that’s a pleasure to touch.

Loosen Up Full Body Massage $100 EC
Whether you’ve got a fast-paced day ahead at home, or the office, allow yourself a break to cast off life’s difficulties and unwind with this therapeutic deep full body massage.

Harmonizing Back Massage $65 EC
Take your time to unwind and feel lifted with this relieving back massage great for those who would like to concentrate in this area of back, shoulder, neck and head.

Taking care of you is the single greatest investment of time you can make. Fall in love again…with Yourself. Take timeout to care for yourself and nurture your vitality, energy and spirit with our “SIZZLINGS SUMMER” spa treatments listed above.

You get one body and one life. Taking the timeout for you will not only have a lasting impact on your outlook on life, but it will help your relationships, your work, and even your health.

NB* Please mention “2017 SIZZLINGS SUMMER” when booking your appointment. TO QUALIFY FOR THIS AMAZING OFFER!

We are located in the Evergreen Plaza Rodney Heights next to Massy Supermarket..

►Call 452-8893 WhatsApp at 717-1866

21 Simple Ideas To Stop Over thinking things too much – Free Yourself From Anxiety Cronic Disorder

chronic over thinking anxiety disorder

Are you someone who tends to overthink things to much? If this feels like familiar territory to you Stop Overthinking and let Go of Cronic Blocks and Increase Inner Peace now…

We all have good and bad days, but mostly life should be fun and exciting, it all comes down to the choices we make in life, and this will determine how we feel.

How to avoid over thinking

You spend too much time in the negative. It can become difficult to act.

The best way to stop overthinking is to break big objectives or goals into smaller tasks. Put the tasks that are imperative to your goal higher up on the priority list.

This way, you’ll start doing the most important and pressing things to get your goal completed. Once you start discovering what’s most important in getting your objective completed, your’ve essentially done half the work and you’ll start to become less anxious about finishing the work.

Life, work and the world around us are all full of problems, from minor annoyances, flaws and imperfections, to major tragedies and frightening risks and possibilities, but over thinking things too much anxiety does not make them better. Nor does it make us safer, or somehow less likely to be bothered or hurt by any of these vicissitudes.

Instead over thinking things too much anxiety, makes us feel worse and makes us less likely to take positive action to improve our mood or actually change those situations which are changeable.

Stop Over thinking things too much – Free Yourself From Anxiety Cronic Disorder

🍇Overthinking is parasitic…. It’s viral…. It’s deadly, even🍇🍇🍇

Stop Over thinking things too much
21 To Stop Over thinking things too much

But over thinking things too much is a particularly nasty  cronic virus. It breeds and multiplies and weaves itself silently into your thoughts so that while you’re going about your daily business under the illusion that everything is going fine, it’s grinding away at you in the background working to convince you everything is not fine. Over time, like depression, it wears you down and out.

Women tend to be overthinkers, research shows. For instance, we’re 42 percent more likely to ruminate than men are when we’re feeling down.

This may be because we’re more attuned to our emotions and try really hard to understand what causes them, studies suggest. Your individual tendency to overthink things to much may also be linked to how you were raised.

Having overcontrolling parents may set you up to do it, perhaps because such mothers and fathers try to suppress children’s thoughts and emotions.

Life is simple but we insist on making it difficult by thinking thinking and overthinking..

Stop Over thinking things too much anxiety

No matter what causes over thinking things too much, all of us can relate. “We spend most of our time in the past or the future, “It’s very hard to be in the present moment. Our minds are always racing.”

There is no point thinking of what happened or what will happen. The past is something to learn from and the future will take care of itself. A lot of people worry too much of tomorrow that they try to over-achieve what they can do today…

Get Out of Your Head. There’s a fine line between thinking constructively and slipping into a toxic thought spiral. The key is being able to stop over thinking things too much over whatever is bothering you and to move on to problem solving — or just letting it go if there’s nothing you can do. Try these tips when your head is spinning.

Side Effects Of Excessive Over Thinking

The symptoms of over thinking things too much include neuroses, obsession and the inability to make a decision. It causes your stress levels to rise and your blood pressure to soar. So why do it? Why succumb to this invisible, yet very present disease? Why let yourself live in this state of perpetual uncertainty?

https://stluciafengshuidayspa.com/2015/03/01/your-anxiety-attack-at-night-and-how-to-stop-it/

Let go the past, holding onto the past means we are still living in the past. If someone did something bad, forgive and move on, if we made mistakes, learn and become better.

We cannot move forward when the past is holding us back, by living in the present we will be happier and allow more to enter our life.😊

When there is inner peace there are no anxieties and fears, no negative thoughts or negative expectations, no stress and no lack of satisfaction and happiness. It is a state of emotional and mental poise, happiness, confidence and inner strength.

https://stluciafengshuidayspa.com/welcome/

How to stop overthinking your life and start living…

There are many reasons why you need to gain at least some measure of inner peace to stop overthinking

1. Inner peace improves your ability to concentrate.

2. It improves the ability to handle efficiently the daily affairs of life.

3. It increases your inner strength and power.

4. Inner peace eliminates impatience, anger, nervousness and restlessness.

5. Inner peace develops patience, tolerance and tact.

6. It makes you feel centered, grounded, and stable.

7. Being mentally and emotionally calm contributes to improved sleep.

8. You gain the ability to be emotionally and mentally unaffected by what people think or say about you.

9. It eliminates stress, anxieties and worries.

10. Inner peace brings inner happiness and bliss.

11. It increases self mastery and self discipline.

12. It relaxes the body and nerves.

13. The healing energies of the body work unhindered.

14. Being peaceful enables you not to be swayed by events, hardships and difficulties, and to maintain inner poise, clear judgement and common sense in such situations.

15. Inner peace eliminates negative, futile and restless thinking.

16. It improves your relationships with other people.

17. It makes life look brighter.

18. It increases creativity.

19. It makes it easier to meditate.

20. It is the gateway to enlightenment and spiritual awakening.

How to stop overthinking and relax

Your mind overthinks things way too much. It’s dangerous for you. Your thoughts can make a situation a hundred times worse in your head, when in reality the situation wasn’t even that bad to start with.

21 Simple Ideas To Stop Over thinking things too much

Being happy, joyful, laughing, smiling, feeling positive and also grateful; this is how we should be living our life.

Smile more and frown less, the more we smile the better we feel, and we also spread our happiness to others, smiling is contagious. Plus smiling makes us look better, sexier, and more youthful. Life is too short to be unhappy. 😊

With that said, remember that thoughts become things and themore you 0ver think things too much, the more you will begin to manifest the exact thing you are worrying about.

Overthinking is Stressful, so stop it when you can and redirect to positive thoughts!

https://stluciafengshuidayspa.com/

Your thoughts and feelings will energetically create your life. The good news is that you have all of the tools above you need to create a life of positivity and inner peace.

~S.Edwards~

 

 

Plant Called “God’s Gift” Can Cure More Than 100Diseases

Plant Called “God’s Gift” Can Cure More Than 100Diseases

Chaya traditionally has been recommended for a number of ailments including diabetes, obesity, kidney stones, hemorrhoids, acne, and eye problems (Diaz-Bolio 1975). Chaya shoots and leaves have been taken as a laxative, diuretic, circulation stimulant, to improve digestion, to stimulate lactation, and to harden the fingernails (Rowe 1994).

The letter of an old lady made this plant more popular than ever. She claims that Chaya is a gift of God due to its ability to heal numerous diseases and conditions.

This plant was the only thing that helped the woman deal with the cyst in her right breast. She had it for years and no other remedy helped her get rid of it. Chaya helped her treat the cyst within 3 months, and the woman already felt better after the third day of application.

Chaya has a lot of vitamins and minerals including vitamin A, B1, ascorbic acid, iron, calcium, phosphorus, protein, carbohydrates, antioxidants, and other nutrients that are beneficial to the body.

Many people believe that this plant can cure almost 100 diseases due to its numerous health benefits to the body. Chaya can dissolve numerous types of diseases, that’s why it is called a “gift of God.”

These leaves can be both added to salads, soups, or used as a tea. Chaya can be only consumed cooked or boiled but never consume it raw.

Here are some tips how to prepare Chaya tea from its leaves.

CHAYA PLANT TEA

INGREDIENTS:

  • 6 Chaya leaves
  • 2 cups water

PREPARATION:

Boil the water, and add in the leaves. Simmer on low heat for 10 minutes. For optimal results, drink your Chaya tea three times a day before your meals. As mentioned before, you can add Chaya leaves to your soups, salads and creams. The most important thing is to wash the leaves well.

The only precaution to be taken before consuming chaya is that it contains a glycoside that can release a lethal toxic called cyanide. For this reason, chaya leaves must be cooked before being eaten.

 

Kuti, J.O. and E.S. Torres. 1996. Potential nutritional and health benefits of tree spinach. p. 516-520. In: J. Janick (ed.), Progress in new crops. ASHS Press, Arlington, VA.

Potential Nutritional and Health Benefits of Tree Spinach*

Joseph O. Kuti and Eliseo S. Torres

 


  1. METHODOLOGY
    1. Nutritional Composition
    2. Possible Antidiabetic Effect
  2. RESULTS
    1. Nutritional Composition
    2. Possible Antidiabetic Effect
  3. CONCLUSION
  4. REFERENCES
  5. Table 1
  6. Table 2
  7. Fig. 1
  8. Fig. 2
  9. Fig. 3

The tree spinach (Cnidoscolus chayamansa McVaughn, Euphorbiaceae), called “chaya” in south Texas, is popular in Mexico and Central America and has been introduced into the United States (mainly South Texas and Florida) for potential uses as a leafy vegetable and/or as a medicinal plant. The plant is an attractive shrub, 3 to 5 m tall (Breckon 1979).

The leaves are broad and may consist of 3 or more lobes with fleshy petioles (Fig. 1). The white-colored flowers, which are usually borne on cyme-branched inflorescences, may contain 3-forked arrangements in which the pistillate flowers are located on the basal fork. The staminate flowers are expanded distally from the base of the lobes. Mature seeds and fruit are rare and unknown (McVaugh 1944).

The young shoots and tender leaves of chaya are cooked and eaten like spinach. They comprise part of the staple diet and are the main dietary source of leafy vegetable for the indigenous people of Yucatan peninsula of Mexico and Kekchi people of Alta Verapaz in Guatemala (Harris and Munsell 1950; Booth et al. 1992). There are many underexploited native leafy plants with potential as a traditional food source (NAS 1975).

With current renewal of interest in household gardens, attention is being focused on promoting some of these plants as leafy green vegetables among populations in the developing countries (FAO 1987). The edible parts of chaya plant, which taste like spinach when cooked, provide important nutritional sources for protein, vitamins (A and C), minerals (calcium, iron, phosphorus), niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine among populations that cannot afford expensive foods rich in these nutrients (Yang 1979). The plant may also constitute a potentially valuable leafy green vegetable here in the United States and elsewhere.

Chaya traditionally has been recommended for a number of ailments including diabetes, obesity, kidney stones, hemorrhoids, acne, and eye problems (Diaz-Bolio 1975). Chaya shoots and leaves have been taken as a laxative, diuretic, circulation stimulant, to improve digestion, to stimulate lactation, and to harden the fingernails (Rowe 1994). Like most food plants such as lima beans, cassava, and many leafy vegetables, the leaves contain hydrocyanic glycosides, a toxic compound easily destroyed by cooking. Even though some people tend to eat raw chaya leaves, it is unwise to do so.

While the nutritional value of chaya has been demonstrated (Martin and Ruberte 1978; Booth et al. 1992), none of the purported therapeutic values of chaya leaves has been substantiated with scientific experimentation.

Therefore, the present study reports on nutritional composition of raw and cooked chaya leaves and the results compared with the nutritional composition of spinach leaves. Also a possible antidiabetic effect of the aqueous leaf extracts or chaya tea, administered through drinking water to streptozotocin-induced diabetic rabbits, was evaluated.

METHODOLOGY

Nutritional Composition

Young leaves and shoots of C. chayamansa were collected from greenhouse-grown plants. Raw and cooked (in microwave oven for 5 min) samples of the leaves and shoot were analyzed for their moisture content, crude fiber, fat, and ß-carotene using the AOAC standard methods (1984), for the protein content (N2 content multiplied by 6.25) using modified semi micro-kjeldahl method of Searle (1974), for mineral contents using an atomic absorption spectrohotometer and for total carbohydrate using gas chromatography.

All samples were analyzed in triplicate. Nutritional components and average nutritive value (ANV) of chaya leaves were compared to spinach leaves. The ANV was calculated using the empirical formula proposed by Grubben (1978): ANV/100g = g protein/5 + g fiber + mg Ca++/100 + mg Fe++/2 + mg carotene + mg vit C/40

Possible Antidiabetic Effect

The experimental animals (rabbits) for this study were supplied by Dr. Steven Lukefahr of the Department of Animal and Wildlife Sciences, Texas A&M University-Kingsville. All animals were housed and maintained in compliance with Texas A&M University-Kingsville IACUC policy on animal care and use.

The rabbits were fed with standard rabbit chow and given water ad libitum. Diabetes was induced by a single subcuteanous injection of 60 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ), after fasting for 18 h, according to the method described by Bonner-Weir et al. (1981). The rabbits exhibited post-STZ blood glucose levels that were at least double that of the pre-STZ levels one week after diabetes had been induced.

The leaves of C. chayamansa were collected from plants grown in the greenhouse. About 10 g of the leaves was extracted with boiling water (1000 mL) for 30 min until the volume of the water had been reduced to 90% of the original. The tea (900 mL) was filtered and used in the subsequent experiments. Two groups of 8 rabbits each were used.

The first group of 8 rabbits were normoglycemic (non-diabetic). Four of the normoglycemic rabbits recieved water (control) only and the remaining 4 received chaya tea treatment only. The second group of 8 rabbits were hyperglycemic (diabetic). Four of the diabetic rabbits received water only and the remaining 4 received chaya tea only.

Before administering the tea or water (control), blood samples were obtained from the ears of 18 h fasted nondiabetic and diabetic rabbits using a capillary tube.

Then the tea or water was administered orally through drinking water bottles ad libitum. Blood sampling was repeated at hourly intervals for 6 h after the oral administration. Blood glucose was determined using a blood glucometer (Miles Inc., Diagnostic Division, Elkhart, IN, U.S.). The mean blood glucose values ±SE were determined and the significance of the difference between the means of treated and control groups was established by Student’s t-test.

RESULTS

Nutritional Composition

The nutritional analysis of chaya (C. chayamansa) leaves and spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) are presented in Table 1 for comparison. Chaya leaves were found to contain substantially greater amounts ofChaya Leaf Free Stock Phot nutrients than the spinach leaves. The chaya leaf is especially high in protein (5.7%), crude fiber (1.9%), calcium (199.4 mg/100 g), potassium (217.2 mg/100 g), iron (11.4 mg/100 g), vitamin C (164.7 mg/100 g), and carotene (0.085 mg/100 g). The levels of chaya leaf nutrients, in this study, agree with published reports (Martin and Ruberte 1978; Munsell et al. 1949; Booth et al. 1992) and are two to threefold greater than most edible leafy green vegetables. In terms of the average nutritive value, chaya leaves [14.9] is by far superior to other leafy green vegetables such as spinach [6.4], amaranth [11.3], Chinese cabbage [7.0], and lettuce [5.4] (Grubben 1978). While some edible leafy green vegetables are usually good sources of mineral macronutrients (Levander 1990), chaya leaf furnishes appreciable quantities of several of the essential mineral macronutrients necessary for human health maintenance. For example, potassium has been shown to be an important mineral nutrient in the control of hypertension and in the reduction of risks of stroke (NRC 1989), calcium is important for ossification and iron is necessary for normal hematopoiesis (Hodges et al. 1978). Brise and Hallberg (1962) reported that vegetables, such as chaya, with high vitamin C content may enhance absorption of nonheme iron.

Analysis of raw and cooked samples of chaya leaves revealed that cooking may increase the relative composition of carbohydrate and fat and decrease relative composition of crude fiber and protein (Fig. 2). On the other hand, cooked samples of chaya leaves were considerably higher in calcium, phosphorus and iron while the potassium content was relatively lower than in the raw samples (Fig. 3). The increase in some of the mineral nutrients may be due to the cooking process, which allows extraction of the nutrients from the tissues, therefore increasing the percentage of mineral elements while decreasing moisture content (Booth et al. 1992).

Possible Antidiabetic Effect

Following the oral administration of chaya tea, the blood glucose levels of the diabetic rabbits were gradually lowered from a high of 118 (baseline at 0.0 h) to 87 six hours after administration. The blood glucose level of 87 is similar to blood glucose levels of normoglycemic rabbits on drinking water (Table 2).

The blood glucose levels of non-diabetic control rabbits that were given chaya tea showed a slight increase (i.e. hyperglycemia) above the baseline 85 at 1 to 2 h after administration, but rapidly stabilized thereafter (Table 2). The reason for this transient hyperglycemia is unknown and needs to be investigated.

The results obtained in this study suggest that in STZ-induced diabetic rabbits, aqueous leaf extracts of C. chayamansa may be effective for treatment of non-insulin dependent diabete mellitus (NIDDM) symptomatology. This is a first report on hypoglycemic effect of chaya plants. The present report is preliminary in nature and additional studies will be needed to properly characterize the antidiabetic potential of chaya in diabetic animals. Also further studies will be necessary to determine the effective dosage, mechanism of the hypoglycemic activity and the active hypoglycemic principle present in the leaves of C. chayamansa.

CONCLUSION

The potential of C. chayamansa for human food and health has a significant implication for the plant as a horticultural crop. Although demand for chaya, as a medicinal plant, has recently increased among the Hispanic population in the United States, the plant has the potential to make a significant nuritional contribution to the vegetable diet as well, because of its high nutrient content.

The development of chaya as a new horticultural crop would transcend the ethnic popularity and create a worldwide market for the plant and its products, whether as a leafy green vegetable and/or as a therapeutic herbal tea.

It is noteworthy that the chaya plant is drought resistant, which is of a particular value in areas with short seasonal rainfall and shortage of green vegetables (Peregrine 1983). Growth of the plant is rapid and edible leaves and shoots could be produced within a short period (8 to 10 weeks). Propagation by cutting is easy and the woody stem sections readily root.

Few pests and diseases are known to be of any significance in the cultivation of chaya plants. One disadvantage is the presence of toxic hydrocyanic glucosides in the leaves. However, cooking, which is essential, inactivates the toxic compound.

Other Cnidoscolus (chaya) species are being examined in our laboratory at Texas A&M University-Kingsville to genetically select species with high leaf and shoot biomass yield and lower hydrocyanic glycoside content. Additionally, we are conducting research on genetic improvement, propagation, field production, potential for processing and marketing of chaya and its products in south Texas.

REFERENCES

  • AOAC. 1984. Official methods of analysis, 14th ed. Assoc. Official Anal. Chem., Arlington, VA.
  • Booth, S., R. Bressani, and T. Johns. 1992. Nutrient content of selected indigenous leafy vegetable consumed by Kekchi people of Alta Verapaz, Guatamela. J. Food Compos. Anal. 5:25-34.
  • Bonner-Weir, S., D.F. Trent, R.N. Honey, and G.C. Weir. 1981. Responses of neonatal rat islets to streptozotocin-limited ß-cell regeneration and hyperglycemia. Diabetes 30:64-69.
  • Breckon, G.J. 1979. Studies in Cnidoscolus (Euphorbiaceae). Brittonia 31:125-148.
  • Brise, H. and L. Hallberg. 1962. Effect of ascorbic acid on iron absorption. Acta Med. Scand. Suppl. 171:51-58.
  • Diaz-Bolio, J. 1975. Chaya (Cnidoscolus chayamansa, Euphorbiaceae), a marvellous food (in spanish). Tierra 30:407-408, 427-428.
  • FAO. 1987. Promoting under-exploited food plants in Africa.: A brief for policy markers. Food and Agriculture Organization, Food Policy & Nutrition Div., Rome.
  • Grubben, G.J.H. 1978. Tropical vegetables and their genetic resources. Int. Board Plant Genetic Resource, FAO-UN, Rome Italy.
  • Harris, R.S. and H.E. Munsell. 1950. Edible plants of Central America. J. Home Econ. 42:629-631.
  • Hodges, R.E., H.E. Sauberlich, J.E. Canham, D.L. Wallace, R.B. Rucker, L.A. Mejia, and M. Mohanram. 1978. Hematopoietic studies in vitamin A deficiency. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 31:876-885.
  • Levander, O.A. 1990. Fruit and vegetable contribution to dietary mineral intake in human health and disease. HortScience 25:1486-1488.
  • Martin, F.W., and R. Ruberte. 1978. Chaya, Cnidoscolus chayamansa includes composition and nutritional value, culture in Puerto Rico. In: Vegetables of hot humid tropics. USDA, ARS. New Orleans, LA.
  • McVaugh, R. 1944. The genus Cnidoscolus: generic limits and intrageneric groups. Bul. Torrey Bot. Club 71:457-474.
  • Munsell, H.E., L.O. Williams, L.P. Guild, C.B. Troescher, G. Nightingale, and R.S. Harris. 1949. Composition of food plants of Central America. Food. Res. 14:144-164.
  • NAS. 1975. Chaya. p. 45-48. In: Underexploited tropical plants with promising economic value. National Academy of Science, Washington, DC.
  • National Research Council. 1989. Diet and health. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
  • Peregrine, W.T.H. 1983. Chaya (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius): A potential new vegetable crop for Brunei. Tropical Pest Manag. 29:39-41.
  • Rowe, L. 1994. Plant guards secret of good health. Valley Morning Star. Sept. 4, p. A1, A12.
  • Searle, P.L. 1974. Automated colorimetric determination of ammonium in soil extracts with “Technicon Autoanalyzer II” equipment. New Zealand J. Agr. Res. 18:183-187.
  • USDA. 1984. Agricultural handbook. p. 8-11. USDA, Washington, DC.
  • Yang, Y.H. 1979. Tropical home gardens as a nutritional intervention. p. 417-436. In: G.E. Inglett and G. Charalambous (eds.), Tropical food chemistry and nutrition, Academic Press, New York.

*Sincere appreciation is extended to Dr. Steven Lukefahr, Associate Professor, Department of Animal and Wildlife Sciences, Texas A&M University-Kingsville for supplying the rabbits and to Dr. Mo Enigbokan, Associate Professor of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Texas Southern University, Houston, Texas for verifying and giving helpful advice on the animal experimentation.


Table 1. Comparisons of nutritional compositions of leaves of “chaya” (Cnidoscolus chayamansa McVaughn) and spinach (Spinacia oleraceae L.) per 100 g fresh weight.

Component chaya spinachz
Water (%) 85.3 90.7
Protein (%) 5.7 3.2
Fat (%) 0.4 0.3
Crude fiber (%) 1.9 0.9
Total CHO (%) 4.2 3.8
Ash (%) 2.2 1.8
Calcium (mg/100g) 199.4 101.3
Phosphorus (mg/100g) 39.0 30.0
Potassium (mg/100g) 217.2 146.5
Iiron (mg/100g) 11.4 5.7
Ascorbic acid (mg/100g) 164.7 48.1
Carotenoids (mg/100g) 0.085 0.014
Average nutritive valuey 14.94 6.38

zData for spinach were obtained from the USDA (1984).
yAverage nutritive value according to Grubben emprical formula (1978).


Table 2. Effect of Cnidoscolus chayamansa leaf extract (“chaya” tea) on blood glucose levels of non-diabetic and streptozoctocin-induced diabetic rabbits.

Blood glucose level (mg/dL)z
Non-diabetic Diabetic
Time (h) water “chaya” water “chaya”
0.0 87±3.1 85±2.5 112±8.3 118±13.2
1.0 86±2.7 91±3.9 138±4.6 114±7.3
2.0 87±2.6 99±4.3 143±6.4 103±8.7
3.0 87±3.1 82±1.6 139±8.0 96±9.3
4.0 88±3.0 85±2.1 153±6.3 92±5.8
5.0 87±4.7 84±4.2 158±7.4 89±3.6
6.0 87±3.1 82±2.7 162±9.0 87±2.7

Things to do in St Lucia on your Honeymoon – Cheap all inclusive spa vacation packages

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st.lucia cheap all inclusive honeymoon packages

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